1948 – In McCollum v. Board of Education, Justice Hugo Black hands down a decision of the Supreme Court of the United States that religious education in public schools is a violatation of the First Amendment of the Constitution. The court rules that allowing children “release time,” even with parental consent, to receive religious instruction during school hours on school property is a violation of the separation of church and state.
Hugo Lafayette Black (February 27, 1886 – September 25, 1971) was an American politician and jurist. Black was nominated to the Supreme Court by President Franklin D. Roosevelt and confirmed by the Senate by a vote of 63 to 16. He was first of nine Roosevelt nominees to the Court. Black is widely regarded as one of the most influential Supreme Court justices in the 20th century. During his political career, Black was regarded as a staunch supporter of liberal policies and civil liberties.