1859 – Madame Caroline Miolan-Carvalho gives Charles Gounod’s Ave Maria its first public performance.
The Hail Mary, or Ave Maria in Latin, has been set to music numerous times. Among the most famous settings is the version by Charles Gounod (1859), adding melody and words to Johann Sebastian Bach’s first prelude from the Well-Tempered Clavier.
Franz Schubert composed Ave Maria (Ellens Gesang III, D839, Op 52 no 6, 1825), Ellen’s third song in English, as part of his Opus 25, a setting of seven songs from Walter Scott’s popular epic poem „The Lady of the Lake,” loosely translated into German. It has become one of Schubert’s most popular works under the title of Ave Maria, but is not a setting of the prayer.
Anton Bruckner wrote three different settings, the best known being a motet for seven voices. Antonín Dvořák’s version was composed in 1877. Another setting of Ave Maria was written by Giuseppe Verdi for his 1887 opera Otello. Russian composer César Cui, who was raised Roman Catholic, set the text at least three times: as the „Ave Maria,” op. 34, for 1 or 2 women’s voices with piano or harmonium (1886), and as part of two of his operas: Le Flibustier (premiered 1894) and Mateo Falcone (1907).
Settings also exist by Mozart, Liszt, Byrd, Elgar, Saint-Saëns, Rossini, Brahms, Stravinsky, Lauridsen, Franz Biebl, David Conte and Perosi as well as numerous versions by less well-known composers, such as J. B. Tresch, Ninel Samokhvalova, .